First aid for bone fracture (broken bones) at home
A accident, a fall both may causes a bone fracture. Bone fracture is the most common bone disease in our life. In our previous artilces we explained some bone fracture causes and how to prevent bone fracture. Usually bone fracture should be determined by X-ray and diagnosed by doctor. When an accident happened, there is no trauma but feel intense pain or local body area deformation, it’s more likely bone fracture occurred. So when this is happen, First aid for bone fracture is first important things we should deal with.
When we should doubt with bone fracture?
Usually, When kid or elderly falls and sometimes even parents or family can not determine any bone fracture. But if some following symptoms are presents, we should go to hospital in time to get emergency treatment.
- feel severe pain and pain even lead to tears.
- protrusions, shape change, redness and swelling on local body.
- The parts of body seems unable to move, feeling pain when it move.
- Getting swollen, redness or purples because of internal bleeding.
- The internal tissue exposure from the wound, especially fractured bone seen and bleeding continuously.
Urgent first aid for bone fracture at home.
1. Fix the fractured area.
When bone fracture occur on arm or leg, should fix by ourselves as soon as possible. Take some nearest available material like sticks, chopsticks, cardboard, hard ruler..as splint for the fractured area. In addition, we also can use newspapers and magazines to fix the fractured body part. If fractured part is patients hand or arm, it should be fixed on patients chest, than go to the doctor as soon as they can.
2. Cold compressing technique.
We also can put a ice pack on the fractured area, for reduce the temperature of local area in order to vasoconstriction and reduce the blood flow. It’s good for prevent swelling and reduce pain feeling.
3. No need to straight or stretch the fractured area.
Put a towel in to the both side of the fractured area joint, than fix by small wooden planks from two side. Than use bandage tight it. Because of pain, no need to straight the joint or fractured area. Take the patient to the nearest emergency to get treatment as soon as possible.
For more helpfull content about first aid you may visit following site
First Aid for Emergency Situations