Most common causes of children bone fracture
children bone fracture is the most concerning problem in parents daily life. bone fracture is the most common bone disease in the world. Before we start the explain the type of bone fracture in children, the parent should get some basic knowledge about bone structure.
The reason why people bone fracture, because of the variety of types, structure and compound of bone in the human body. There is a layer name surround the bone surface. The bone surrounded by special material layers named periosteum. There are abundance blood vessels and nerves all over the periosteum in order to supply nutrition and hormone. The periosteum contains bone cell named osteocyte. The real bone structure is beneath the periosteum. This is the gross structure of human body bone.
The bone cell has a special function that divided continuously to form a new bone. When the fracture happens, bone can repair the fracture area depended on this. The human bone have contained two parts. The outer part is the compact bone area. It contains higher dense of osteocytes. It helps to protect inner part of bone and bone marrow. The inner part contains lower dense area called cancellous bone. It has another name is a matrix and looks like a hive. This structure can help increase bone stability and bone marrow protection.
From the chemical side, the composition of the skeleton is the glue fiber, calcium, phosphorus and other inorganic substances. because of this, bone not only is hard but also have the elasticity to carry more heavy object without fracture. In childhood, glue fiber is the main compound in the bone skeleton and the bone cell division is more active, so children bone have elasticity more than adults. It’s not easy to break. The main reason of children bone fracture is violence.
Two types of children bone fracture
The violence effect to bone directly causes a bone fracture. This fracture with different grade of soft tissue injuries like bruise, cutting and others. This violence like wheel hit out children shanks causes tibial fracture or fibula fracture. Other examples of direct violence include stick hit, fall down from bed or sofa, hit on desk or wall, the human factor.
The indirect violence caused by a jump down from higher place and foot on the ground. In this situation, the upper trunk of body forward suddenly. It will cause compression fracture in thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. The another example falls down and hips landing in skating. Most of the children will use their arm and hand support themselves. But it will cause arm bone fracture easily.
Therefore, If parents want to avoid fractures in children, they should need to pay attention to eliminate the hidden dangers in daily life. They should enhance daily nutrition like calcium supplement for children at the same time.
You may also review our another article name Type of bone fractures, Recognize broken bones and Parent should watch out fracture when baby learn walking.
have a good day.