What are the common symptoms of bone fractures in children
Bone fracture is the most common bone disease in the world. It’s also the most concerning problem for parents.So, what are the common symptoms of bone fractures in children?
There are series symptoms will appear when bone break. There are two main symptoms of bone fractures, systemic symptoms and local symptoms. In addition to the fracture, there may be some systemic symptoms will occur.
Systemic symptoms of bone fractures
A large amount of internal bleeding with the bone fracture will cause edema around fracture area. Body temperature will slightly rise when edema absorbed by the tissue. This temperature changing is generally not more than 1 degrees. But when temperature changing more than 2 degrees with open fracture should consider infection possibility.
The shock will happen in serious fracture cases like multiple fractures, pelvic fracture, femur fracture, spine fracture and critical open fracture. The shock happens because of extensive soft tissue injury, a large amount of internal bleeding, severe pain or visceral organ injury in children.
You may also check the article about type of bone fractures, Recognize broken bones.
Local symptoms of bone fractures
When a fracture occurs, the periosteum, bone marrow, and peripheral tissue’s blood vessels rupture. It causes hematoma in the fractured area. The tissue around that area get an injury and formed edema at the same time.
A skin of the patient with bone fracture appears blue or purple ecchymosis around the injured area. The patient will feel pain when touching it. The pain will get severe when they move.
Most of the fracture happen displacement. These include lateral displacement, angulations displacement, shortened displacement, rotation displacement and separation displacement. Sometimes two or three displacements happen on same fracture area.
Patient limb activity is limited or appears abnormal activity
Due to the swelling of the wound and pain, which will make the injured area can not carry out the usual activities. Limb function has been limited. If it is a complete fracture, then the injured extremity will be completely unable to carry out any activities.
If the parents found that the child has systemic symptoms after fracture, it proves that the fracture is serious. Parent must carry out first aid immediately and take the child to the hospital.
You may check our another article about First aid for bone fracture (broken bones) at home.
For more bone fracture information, please visit our bone fracture category.