Osteoporosis overview, symptoms, treatment and prevention
What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease in world. Especially happen in aged peoples and postmenopausal or perimenopausal women. But we cannot say it couldn’t happen to men.Osteoporosis is also threaten the man population, The mostly reason (etiology) of aged people’s osteoporosis is decreased of calcium absorption on nutrition , immobilization , hormone imbalance … So every one between 45-50 years old should take a test name bone density test to know the condition of him /her bone.
What is osteoporosis?
Bone disease Osteoporosis is decreasing the hardness of the bones, due to the deterioration of quality of bone and bone matrix that become more weak and fragile and also is a systemic disease that affecting our entire skeleton.
Osteoporosis, has become one of the most common diseases because of the extension of the average life expectancy and the increasing elderly population today . according to research, one of every 5 men and one of every 2 women from each that ages over than 50 , has experienced bone fracture during life and the osteoporosis best treatment is against the risk factor and protect from them.
What is early Sign of osteoporosis?
We cannot say which one is a first sign of osteoporosis , but we do say if the simple fall to the ground occur fracture of bone in aged people that we must noticed , he or she should take a osteoporosis diagnosis test by specialist.
What is the common signs of osteoporosis?
The most common sign of osteoporosis are Back pain, waist pain , neck pain , loss of height , Bowed and hunchbacked body shape , Wrist, hip and spine bones fractures easily , severe bone fracture by very minor trauma such as simple fall to the ground or slip from chair in advanced osteoporosis patient .
Patients with very advanced osteoporosis may presence bone pain, bone tenderness .Easily and recurrent fractures in spine and other bones cause body shape deformations in patient. Patients getting immobilized due to increasing pain and fracture and immobilization cause calcium loss and vicious circle.
If you want to know more , you also can see video explanation about osteoporosis : What is Osteoporosis? what is the diagnosis and treatment of this bone disease?
In next artilce we will explain symptom , treatment and prevention of osteoporosis .
Bone fractures is the most common and important symptoms of an osteoporosis patients.
The point of misconception about osteoporosis in general public is the osteoporosis and bone pain will appear at the same time. But it’s not.The bone pain is quite rare unless the bone fracture happened due to the osteoporosis.
a spine fracture and a spine compression will causes shortening of height of the body in osteoporosis patient. It also causes posture deformities and the hunchback. The hunchback will lead ribs and spine to put more pressure on the abdomen and chest cavity. These patient looks like kyphosis that makes them feel uncomfortable and causes some psychological problem. Eventually this stuation may lead these osteoporotic patients to stay away from the normal social life. So the education about osteoporosis bone disease is important to the patient’s family as much as the patient.
The first option of osteoporosis treatment comes to our mind is the hormone therapy in a past years. However, we do not recommend this osteoporosis treatment method in recent years. Hormone therapy just for the symptoms of menopausal patient with osteoporosis like sweating, hot flashes, insomnia, irritability and other signs are shown more intensely. Hormone therapy just no place to osteoporosis if the patient don’t have the symptoms of above.
The aim of the osteoporosis treatment: fracture prevention, protecting and increasing bone mineral density, maximize the daily activities ,improving the quality of life.
calcitonin, parathyroid hormone, bisphosphonates, element like strontium , selective estrogen receptor modulators(SERM), plant-derived estrogen containing medications are recommended to osteoporosis treatment.
The base of osteoporosis treatment is increase calcium intake that give the strength to bone mass such as drinking milk and use vitamin D to improve the absorption of calcium .