Top six bone disease we should to know
there are many factor will cause those condition of bone disease happens in child age , youth age , adults , aged people and even infant in pregnant uterus. those condition will cause joint pain and inflammation , weakness and pain bones, bone deformities and other symptoms.
There are variety factors will cause these bone conditions such as nutrition problem , deficiencies of absorbing vitamin D , parathyroid hormone imbalances. Fracture , genetic problems etc . Let we see one by one.
Osteoporosis: Not only old people disease that we talking about.
Osteoporosis is a most common bone disease caused by a variety of reasons, it’s a metabolic bone disease characterized by proportional reducing of bone matrix , calcium salt in bone tissue . In most osteoporosis, loss of bone tissue caused due to an increase of bone resorption. The characteristic symptoms are bone pain and easy to fracture. Most osteoporosis happens in postmenopausal woman and aged people and also can be prevent by nutrition and exercise.
Read more : about osteoporosis.
Paget’s Disease : Strange name of bone disease.
The bone disease that we rarely hear, but it is also a very important bone disease. Our bone tissue have two kinds of cells , one of it called osteoblasts that responsible for building and molding bone structure and another one called osteoclasts are breaking down old cell. these two type of cells proportion Imbalanced in paget’s disease , lead to thickened and easy to fractured bone structure.
Read more : about paget’s disease.
Osteogenesis Imperfecta : We can say infant disease.
osteogenesis imperfecta is genetic disorder that is characterized by brittle bones that easily break or fracture.osteogenesis imperfecta caused by a gene defect of collagen producing, a protein that is needed to make bones strong. this disease affects the bones in the inner ear and can cause hearing deficit, as well as weak teeth and a curved spine.
Rickets : Childhood disease that we should aware.
Ricket is a preventable bone disease affects newborn baby , children and youth and is caused by a deficiency of metabolism of vitamin D in human body. Rickets causes weak, brittle bones that easily fracture and bone and muscle pain.
Osteomalacia : The brother of rickets and osteoporosis.
The another bone disease is osteomalacia also have similar symptoms like rickets and osteoporosis, because it is caused by a defect in vitamin D absorbtion and cycling in human body, but it affects mainly adults. It is characterized by weakened bones and abnormal bone formation.
Bone Cancers : The disease that we dont want to see.
According to the National Cancer Institute, bone cancer may be due to a primary cancer that begins in the bone or spreads to the bone as secondary cancer from another part of the body such as cancer in the lungs, breast or prostate. There are several types of primary bone cancers such as leukemia, osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma and chondrosarcoma.